The Copernicus predecessor programme was the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), which was launched in 1998 by the EU and ESA. In 2012 it was renamed Copernicus and transferred.
The Copernicus core services provide comprehensive basic information that can be further processed for a variety of applications. The programme consists of the following six core services:
In this learning unit, the focus will be on land monitoring.
Information about the Copernicus core services can be found here: https://www.d-copernicus.de/daten/daten-eu-kerndienste/ and here https://www.copernicus.eu/en/services.
There are basically four project components within Copernicus:
Within the space component, satellite systems form of course the fundamental basis for Earth observation and environmental monitoring. Through permanent data supplies and new standards, Europe's position in international satellite remote sensing is to be strengthened. The planned construction of seven satellite systems/instruments will continue over the next years. This also means the expansion and development of ground segments and data platforms. In addition to the Sentinels (guards), there is also an agreement with approx. 30 contributing missions, which include well-known satellite missions such as RapidEye, Landsat, SPOT, Pleiades, WorldView, GeoEye, ALOS/PALSAR, TerraSAR-X, TanDEM-X.
The Sentinel fleet includes:
Further information on the individual satellites of the Copernicus programme can be found on the [German] (https://www.d-copernicus.de/daten/daten-sentinels/) and [English Copernicus pages] (http://www.copernicus.eu/main/sentinels) as well as at the [ESA] (https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Overview4).